Zaha Hadid


Born : 31 October 1950 (Baghdad-Iraq)
Died :  31 March   2016   (aged 65)
Nationality: Iraqi-British
Practice: Zaha Hadid Architects

Zaha Mohammad Hadid was British architect. She was born on 31 October 1950 in Baghdad-Iraq, to a upper class Iraqi family. Her father Muhammad al-Hajj Husayn Hadid was a wealthy industrialist from Mosul.

She was the first woman to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize, in 2004. She received the UK's most prestigious architectural award, the Stirling Prize, in 2010 and 2011.

In 2012, she was made a Dame by Elizabeth II for services to architecture.

She became the first and only woman to be awarded the Royal Gold Medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects in February  2016 .

Education :

Zaha studied mathematics at the American University of Beirut before moving to London in 1972 to study at the Architectural Association School of Architecture. She studied with Rem Koolhass, Elia Zenghelis and Bernard Tschumi. Her former professor, Koolhaas, described her at graduation as "a planet in her own orbit. Zenghelis described her as the most outstanding pupil he ever taught. 'We called her the inventor of the 89 degrees. Nothing was ever at 90 degrees. She had spectacular vision. All the buildings were exploding into tiny little pieces." He recalled that she was less interested in details, such as staircases. "The way she drew a staircase you would smash your head against the ceiling, and the space was reducing and reducing, and you would end up in the upper corner of the ceiling. She couldn't care about tiny details. Her mind was on the broader pictures—when it came to the joinery. she knew we could fix that later. 

After graduation in 1977, she went to work for her former professors, Koolhaas and Zenghelis, at the Office for Metropolitan Architecture,  in Rotterdam., the Netherlands.Through her association with Koolhaas, she met the architectural engineer Peter Rice who gave her support and encouragement during the early stages of her career. Hadid became a naturalised citizen of the United Kingdom. She opened her own architectural firm, Zaha Hadid Architects, in London in 1980.

During the early 1980s Hadid's style introduced audiences to a new modern architecture style through her extremely detailed and professional sketches. At the time people were focused on postmodernism designs, so her designs were a different approach to architecture that set her apart from other designers. 

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